Distributed by Minneapolis NECA
COLD WEATHER PPE
Week Number 51 (December 17 – 23) 2017 Edition
Upon completion of this safety talk, participants will be able to:
- Understand how to protect themselves against cold temperatures
- Be familiar with how cold weather PPE can protect against cold temperatures
The best way to protect workers from cold weather injuries is to not work in the cold. Unfortunately, most don’t have that luxury. The next best way is to keep workers warm and that is best done through the use of cold weather PPE. The basics are pretty obvious when it comes to PPE for the cold; clothing, footwear and socks.
Protective clothing is needed when work is done at temperatures of 40° F or lower. The clothing selected should meet the weather conditions; temperature, wind speed, rain or snow as well as how long the job will take, is the worker to be outside the whole time and how strenuous the job will be. Multiple layers give more insulation than one thick layer. Layers also give a worker more options; if the weather changes, layers can be removed or adjusted according to the change. The innermost layer should provide insulation as well as wick sweat away from the body; thermal underwear made with polyester is good for this purpose. Other layers should be easy to open to prevent the buildup of excess heat.
The outer layer should have a way to open at the neck, waist and wrists as a way to regulate how much heat is kept in or released. The outer layer needs to be waterproof when work is done in wet conditions. Clothes should be kept clean and dry in order for them to work best at insulating. We’ve all heard that 50% of the body’s heat is lost through the head. It is true, so it is necessary to wear a knit cap or liner under a hard hat to minimize this loss. Gloves should also be used if the job allows it.
To prevent excessive sweating while on the job, workers should remove clothing in this order:
- Gloves or mittens (unless protection is needed from snow or ice)
- Headgear and scarf
- Open the jacket at the waist and wrists
- Remove layers of clothing.
As the worker cools back down, the clothing should be replaced in reverse order.
It is also important to keep the feet warm and dry. One or two pair of socks being worn is an individual’s choice. It is important that the socks worn are able to wick away moisture and fit comfortably inside of the boot. Boots should be felt-lined, rubber bottomed with leather tops to allow the feet to “breathe”. If work is done in wet environments, the boots need to be waterproofed as well.
The correct choice of clothing can make the difference between a comfortable, safe day on the job and a potential trip to the emergency room.
- At what temperature should cold weather PPE be used?
- What are the main components needed for cold weather PPE?
- Why is wearing layers so important when working in the cold?
- Why is it important to keep your cold weather gear clean?
Week Number 50 (December 10 – 16) 2017 Edition
Fire Safety is an important part of every workplace safety and health program.
Elements of the Fire Triangle
- Heat Source
Four Classes of fires common in the workplace
- Class A Fire: Involves fires of ordinary combustibles such as paper, cardboard, wood and plas- tics.
- Class B Fire: Involves fires of flammable liquids such as fuels, paints and solvents.
- Class C Fire: Involves fires of electrical equipment such as overloaded circuits, motors, switch- es and wiring.
- Class D Fire: Involves fire of combustible metals such as, but no limited to , sodium, lithium, titanium, magnesium and potassium.
Remember to recharge all discharged fire extinguishers. Fire Extinguishers must be inspected monthly.
When utilizing a fire extinguisher to extinguish a fire the following must be considered.
- Has the fire alarm been activated?
- Have all occupants been evacuated from the affected area?
- Do I have a clear path to the nearest exit?
- Have I been trained in the use of a portable fire extinguisher?
- If yes, then extinguish fire utilizing the PASS method. ◊ P – Pull Pin
◊ A – Aim low at the base of the fire
◊ S – Squeeze the lever of the extinguisher
◊ S – Sweep from side to side until fire is extinguished or extinguisher has emptied
- What are some fire hazards that you have seen on job sites, and what can be done to prevent them in the future?
- Why is it important to know the different types of fire extinguishers and their respective uses?
Week Number 49 (December 3 – 9) 2017 Edition
Summary Statement: Brief description of the hazard associated with exposure to silica, including sources of exposure and how to prevent silicosis.
Silicosis is caused by exposure to respirable crystalline silica dust. Crystalline silica is a basic component of soil, sand, granite, and most other types of rock. And it is used as an abrasive blasting agent. Silicosis is a progressive, disabling, and often fatal lung disease. Cigarette smoking adds to the lung damage caused by silica.
Effects of Silicosis
- Lung Cancer – Silica has been classified as a human lung carcinogen.
- Bronchitis/Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder.
- Tuberculosis – Silicosis makes an individual more susceptible to TB.
- Scleroderma – a disease affecting skin, blood vessels, joints and skeletal muscles.
- Possible renal disease
Symptoms of Silicosis
- Shortness of breath; possible fever.
- Fatigue; loss of appetite.
- Chest pain; dry, nonproductive cough.
- Respiratory failure, which may eventually lead to death.
Sources of Exposure
- Sandblasting for surface preparation.
- Crushing and drilling rock and concrete.
- Masonry and concrete work (e.g., building and road construction and repair).
- Mining/Tunneling; demolition work.
- Cement and asphalt pavement manufacturing.
- Use all available engineering controls such as blasting cabinets and local exhaust ventilation. Avoid using compressed air for cleaning surfaces.
- Use water sprays, wet methods for cutting, chipping, drilling, sawing, grinding, etc.
- Use respirators approved for protection against silica; if sandblasting, use abrasive blasting respirators.
- Do not eat, drink or smoke near crystalline silica dust.
- Wash hands and face before eating, drinking or smoking away from exposure area.
Week Number 48 (November 26 – December 2) 2017 Edition
Summary Statement: Brief description of the hazard associated with exposure to mold, how to prevent mold growth and cleanup tips.
Molds are microscopic organisms found everywhere in the environment, indoors and outdoors. When present in large quantities, molds have the potential to cause adverse health effects.
Health Effects of Mold Exposure
- Cough and congestion
- Runny nose
- Aggravation of asthma
- Eye irritation
- Dermatitis (skin rash)
People at Greatest Risk of Health Effects
- Individuals with allergies, asthma, sinusitis, or other lung diseases
- Individuals with a weakened immune system (e.g., HIV patients)
How to Recognize Mold
- Sight – Usually appear as colored woolly mats.
- Smell – often produce a foul, musty, earthly smell.
Preventing Mold Growth
- Remove excess moisture with a wet-dry vacuum and dry out the building as quickly as possible.
- Use fans to assist in the drying process.
- Clean wet materials and surfaces with detergent and water.
- Discard all water damaged materials.
- Discard all porous materials that have been wet for more than 48 hours.
General Mold Cleanup Tips
- Identify and correct moisture problem.
- Make sure working area is well ventilated.
- Discard mold damaged materials in plastic bags.
- Clean wet items and surfaces with detergent and water.
- Disinfect cleaned surfaces with 1/4 to 1 1/2 cup household bleach in 1 gallon of water.
Caution: Do no mix bleach with other cleaning products that contain ammonia.
- Use respiratory protection. A N-95 respirator is recommended.
- Use hand and eye protection.
- Have you ever seen mold? What did it look like?
- Can you think of any areas where mold could grow on your jobsite?
Lead in Construction
Week Number 47 (November 19 – 25) 2017 Edition
Summary Statement: Brief description of the hazards associated with lead exposure, how to avoid exposure and protect yourself.
Lead in a common hazardous element found at many construction sites. Lead exposure comes from inhaling fumes and dust, and lead can be ingested when hands are contaminated by lead dust. Lead can be taken home on workers’ clothes, skin, hair, tools and vehicles.
Lead exposure may take place in demolition, salvage, removal, encapsulation, renovation and cleanup activities.
- Use proper personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, clothing and approved respirators).
- Wash hands and face after work and before eating.
- Never enter eating areas wearing protective equipment.
- Launder clothing daily; use proper cleaning methods.
- Be alert to symptoms of lead exposure (e.g., severe abdominal pain, headaches, loss of motor coordination).
- Wear appropriate respirators as directed.
- Conduct a user seal check each time a respirator in donned.
- Be aware of your company’s respiratory protection program; understand the limitations and potential hazards of respirators.
Prevent Further Exposure
- Ensure adequate ventilation.
- When outdoors, stand upwind of any plume.
- Use Dust collecting equipment, when possible.
- Use lead-free materials and chemicals.
- Use wet methods to decrease dust.
- Use local exhaust ventilation for enclosed work areas.
- When is lead paint a hazard?
- How can you protect yourself from being harmed by lead in paint?
Personal Protective Equipment
Week Number 46 (November 12 – 18) 2017 Edition
For most work sites a hard hat, safety glasses, gloves, and steel toe boots are the standard Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) worn by employees. In some situations, extra protection is needed for a special type of work being done, such as a face shield to wear while grinding or a respirator for hazardous atmospheres. However, all attempts must be made to eliminate the safety hazard before PPE is used.
But just wearing this equipment isn’t enough. Like the old phrase, “a chain is only as strong as its weakest link” PPE only protects you when it’s in good condition. If there is a “weak link” in your PPE, the amount of protection offered is reduced. Cracked hard hats or safety glasses, holes in gloves, worn shoe soles, or any kind of damage is just as bad, or even worse, than not wearing any protection at all.
Each day PPE should be inspected thoroughly for any sign of damage. If damage is found, the equipment should be tagged and removed from the work site, disposed of, or destroyed immediately. Usually any at- tempts to repair PPE will not result in adequate protection. Just get rid of it!
The next step is to make sure the correct PPE is being used for the task involved. As a rule, sturdy boots, a hard hat, and safety glasses should always be worn. When tasks such as grinding create flying particles, a full- face shield should be worn. When working with chemicals, MSDSs should be consulted to determine the necessary protection. If tasks such as sandblasting produce a large amount of dust, the company respirator program should be consulted to determine proper respiratory protection.
Another aspect of PPE is the clothes that you work in. Try not to wear shirts or pants that have large holes or loose threads hanging from them. These are accidents waiting to happen. Tools, usually power tools, can get hung up on holes or twist around lose threads and cause an injury. Cuffs on sleeves or pant legs are easy places for things to get caught or for sparks to fall into and burn. The same goes for jewelry; rings and necklaces are easy catch points. Also, make sure to dress according to the weather. Being too hot or cold can slow down reflexes and alertness.
In general, always be sure of the hazards involved with the tasks at hand and be sure to wear the proper protection. If you are unsure about a hazard or the type of PPE necessary, ask someone who would know. Most PPE related injuries are due to inadequate or total lack of protection. It doesn’t hurt to properly protect yourself.
Week Number 45 (November 5 – 11)
Upon completion of this safety talk, participants will be able to:
- Understand the need for hearing protection
- Be familiar with the various types of hearing protection
Once it’s been determined that the noise level is hazardous at the jobsite, hearing protection needs to be used. Many times, this brings up questions. What do I use? Your concern may be that there are so many types. Will the protection interfere with normal hearing at the site? You may be thinking: I will not be able to hear warning sounds or other sounds critical to my work, like back up beeps or even normal conversation.
To address your concerns, you need to know that if the proper device is selected you will be protected and still able to hear critical sounds. Hearing protection reduces noise levels, but only by the level indicated on the device. Sound is measured in decibels. Each device has a Noise Reduction Rating (NRR). NRR is also in decibels. To ensure you are not exposed to noise over the maximum exposure (85 dB over 8 hours), the NRR of the hearing protection device is matched with your level of exposure (loudness and duration of exposure). If you are exposed to 90dB of noise and wearing ear- plugs with an NRR of 29, your actual noise exposure will only be 61dB. Alarms will only be reduced to the same level and should still be within your hearing range. Alarms are required to be louder than ambient or surrounding noises and typically range from 90 dB to 110 dB. This is well within the range of hearing even with the protection noted in the example. Some alarms even adjust according to the ambient noise to ensure they are 10 dB higher. There are also protective devices that adjust according to ambient noises. If you need to hear subtle changes in the sound of machinery, the device can amplify the low-level noises while decreasing dangerous noise levels.
All types of hearing protection have an NRR rating. So, once the protection level is reached, selection of type is more comfort and ease of use. The basic types are expandable foam plugs, pre-molded, reusable plugs, canal caps and earmuffs. Expandable foam plugs work just the way they sound. These are made of a formable material that fits to the shape of each person’s ear. To fit properly the plug must be rolled until it is thin enough to fit halfway into the ear canal. This is the main disadvantage to this type of ear protection; it’s very difficult to roll the plugs small enough to make them fit. A few manufacturers offer a small size expandable plug.
Pre-molded plugs are just that. They are pre-molded for your ear. They can be made of silicon, plastic or rubber and come in a variety of sizes to fit any ear. Although typically sold as pairs, you may need a different size plug for each ear to get the proper fit. Plugs should seal the ear canal without being uncomfortable. The main advantages of this type of ear protection is that they are relatively inexpensive, washable, and reusable and come in many sizes. They also reduce sounds more evenly than expandable foam plugs.
Canal caps consist of flexible tips similar to pre-molded plugs on a lightweight headband. The main advantage to canal caps is that they are quick to put on and take off and easy to store around the neck. This makes them ideal for intermittent use. The main disadvantage is they provide less protection than either plugs or muffs.
Earmuffs have rigid cups with soft plastic cushions that seal around the ear to block noise. There are many models de- signed to fit most people and they are easy to use. They block out noise by completely covering the outer ear. As discussed earlier, there are even earmuffs that will adjust jobsite noise levels up and down. These devices are expensive but may be needed. There are some drawbacks to any type of earmuff. Many find them to be hot and heavy in certain environments. They also don’t work well for those with heavy beards, sideburns or glasses. The heavy hair and the earpieces of the glasses break the seal of the earmuffs and allow noise in.
- Does hearing protection just protect against the “bad noise”? Explain
- Which type of hearing protection is best for intermittent users?
- Why aren’t earmuffs used more frequently for hearing protection?
Week Number 44 (October 29—November 4) 2017 Edition
Bad weather affects all roads. Our interstate system is a marvelous example of modern engineering, but no matter how good the road is, it is dangerous when there is sleet, snow or ice on it. Speed must be reduced on slippery roads.
When road conditions are slippery, drivers must look farther ahead so they can anticipate emergencies and avoid the need for sudden maneuvers. Most skids are caused by last-second stops and turns on slippery pavement.
Extra care must be taken on hills. Brake over the top of blind hills at a speed that will permit you to bring your vehicle to a stop in case the highway isn’t clear ahead. On a downgrade, both loss of traction and gravity are working against you, so proceed slowly.
Don’t attempt to drive through a scene where other vehicles have obviously had trouble with the road conditions. The conditions that caused their trouble will affect you, too. When there is no room to get through, be prepared to stop.
The lighting systems of vehicles become especially important during the winter months. Nights are longer, and visibility is often reduced by bad weather. Electrical systems can be winter sensitive. Approximately 80% of all light bulb failure is due to environmental reasons. Drivers must inspect their lights more often during the winter and clean them when necessary, so they can see and be seen on the highway.
Foul weather driving is much more strenuous. Drivers need proper rest before every trip, and while on the road, fresh air helps keep drivers alert. An open window is an old safety practice, and it helps drivers hear what is going on around their vehicles.
Of course, you should never text or look at emails while driving, but it is even more important to avoid distractions when conditions are poor.
After all precautions are taken and good practices are followed there will still be occasions when conditions become too hazardous to proceed. Good drivers will pull off the road at the first safe place and wait until conditions improve enough to continue.
Week Number 43 (October 22 – 28) 2017 Edition
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas produced by all internal combustion engines, including diesel and propane-powered engines. It is also produced by burning wood, paper, or plastic products and from welding when carbon dioxide shielding gas is used. Because it is not readily detected, employees can be exposed to very high levels without realizing there is a problem. Symptoms include headache, nausea, dizziness, visual disturbance and rapid breathing. A person may feel weak and disoriented, making it difficult to get help. Most people recover completely, but in severe cases, symptoms can persist for many weeks or even months, or there can be permanent brain damage or damage to the heart, or death.
Exposure can occur when operating equipment with small gasoline engines, such as pressure washers, concrete cutters, water pumps, air compressors, and generators at construction sites. CO is also produced from kerosene space heaters (salamanders), natural gas cooking units, and propane-powered floor polishers. Outdoor use of any of this equipment is not usually hazardous but in buildings or enclosed spaces, carbon monoxide can quickly build up to dangerous and even deadly amounts.
The most common workplaces for carbon monoxide exposures are storage facilities, ware- houses, cold-storage facilities, and fruit, vegetable and seafood packing sheds that use gas or propane forklifts or other equipment, and in enclosed construction sites or workrooms with portable gas heaters.
Carbon monoxide doesn’t suffocate you. It combines directly with the blood so it can’t carry oxygen to the tissues. Carbon monoxide can also slow down your brain and reflexes, dim your vision, and lead you into an accident. So, if you have even the least suspicious you’re inhaling too much carbon monoxide, get some fresh air and do not return until the area is considered safe.
To prevent accidents from happening OSHA requires having CO monitor in areas where CO can accumulate from combustion engines. Also, always have enough fresh air coming in where combustion engines are running in enclosed areas.
OSHA’s permissible exposure limit (PEL) for carbon monoxide is 50 parts per million (ppm)parts of air (55 milligrams per cubic meter (mg/m(3))) as an 8-hour time-weighted average(TWA) concentration. NIOSH is stricter on CO. They have established a recommended exposure limit (REL) for carbon monoxide of 35 ppm (40 mg/m(#)) as an 8-hour TWA and 200 ppm (229 mg/m(#)) as a ceiling.
Week Number 42 (October 15 – 21) 2017 Edition
Temporary heating devices are essential equipment during the winter months of the year, when working on construction sites can be very cold. You might use temporary heating devices such as circulating and radiant room heaters, LP-Gas heaters, or others. However, the use of temporary heating comes with several hazards, including the hazards of fire, fumes from fuels, the consumption of oxygen, and burn/heat injury hazards.
OSHA has several regulations that should be observed when using temporary heating devices:
- Ensure that the area is well ventilated with enough fresh air.
- Make sure that chimney connectors have at least 18 inches of clearance around them. The sides and rear of circulating room heaters must have 12 inches of clearance, while the sides and rear of a radiant room heater must have 36 inches of clearance.
- Do not set heaters on wood floors. Rather, set them on insulating material or 1-inch concrete.
- Located heaters at least 10 feet from tarps, canvas, or other coverings to prevent combustion.
- Set heaters horizontally level when in use.
- In Minnesota, when portable toilets are not placed inside of heated buildings, provisions should be made for heating the portable toilet to a minimum of heat that can be emitted from the installation of a 1,300-watt heater or other type equivalent heater. At a minimum this is expected to be from November 1 to March 15.
- Do not use solid fuel salamanders in buildings or on scaffolds.
- Flammable liquid-fired heaters should be equipped with a primary safety control to stop the flow of fuel in the event of flame failure.
- How much space should be cleared around a temporary heater?
- How will you handle temporary heaters differently after reviewing these safety requirements?
Week Number 41 (October 8 – 14) 2017 Edition
Ladders are necessary to all construction trades, with most workers using at least one ladder every day. The misuse of ladders is the cause of many serious injuries each year.
The following rules for the use of ladders will help reduce the number and seriousness of ladder accidents.
- Inspect ladders before use. Make sure that the ladder is free from damage. All defective ladders should be put out of service.
- The base of each ladder should be set firmly and be level on the floor or ground. The use of blocking to level ladder feet is prohibited.
- Moveable ladders shall have safety shoes.
- Areas at the foot and top of the ladder should be kept clear of material and debris. Protect ladders used in locations such as doorways and passages so that they will not be bumped or knocked over.
- Ladder rungs should be kept clear of mud, ice, and other slippery substances.
- Ladders should be long enough so that workers can perform their jobs without climbing higher than the third rung or step from the top.
- Straight ladders should be placed so that the base is a distance from the vertical no greater than one-quarter of the length of the ladder (a pitch of 1 to 4).
- Straight ladders should be securely fastened to a stable support at the top to prevent movement. Long ladders shall be fastened at top and bottom and braced to prevent swaying, binding, or shaking.
- Straight ladders should project at least 36 inches above the platform or landing.
- Face the ladder and use both hands when climbing or descending.
- Tools, materials, and/or equipment must be raised by hand lines or other similar means.
- Do not use metal ladders near electrical lines.
- Job-built ladders with broken, worn, or spilt members shall be discarded.
- Step ladders should be used only in their fully opened position.
Week Number 40 (October 1 – 7) 2017 Edition
Falling objects such as materials, tools, debris or equipment can cause serious injuries or even death.
Let’s look first at the problem of materials. Materials are piled in the yard, in the truck, or at various places on the jobsite. All materials should be piled on a sound base, straight and steady, and at a reasonable height. It may be well to cross-tie and cover materials for protection and safety. Materials on a roof or elevation should be secured so the wind can’t blow it off and strike someone below.
Piling materials on scaffolds requires special care. You have to be sure not to overload, to allow ample space for work operations, and to make the piles stable. Be sure toe boards are placed on all scaffolding and open elevations to safeguard workers below from falling materials such as loose brick, tools, and equipment.
When you want to send material, tools, or equipment to higher elevations, use containers or buckets and hand lines. Never throw materials or tools. When you pull on a hand line, be sure to stand clear of the loaded materials and tools. Keep an eye on the load as it goes up. When you have to pull up materials that can’t be placed in a container, fasten the load securely to the hand line. If material like pipe, conduit, and rods aren’t properly fastened in bundles, a piece can be jarred loose and hit the worker pulling the hand tie.
Tools, equipment and materials often fall when workers attempt to carry them up ladders. Use hand lines so your hands will be free to hold onto the ladder when you go up. When you load hoists and platform skimps, be sure the materials and packages are stacked safely. A sloppy load is a load of trouble. Never leave a load suspended.
When you work beneath other operations, like riveting crews, wear your hard hat. It can be a lifesaver. When you strip forms, it’s important to use the necessary guards. Often, you’ll find workers working on makeshift scaffolds, attempting to strip panels on the floor slab. They don’t seem to know that the entire section might come loose and fall on them.
Coordinate with other trades to avoid or minimize working below each other. Never work underneath suspended loads.
Colds and Flu
Week Number 39 (September 24 – 30) 2017 Edition
Nearly everyone has had a cold or flu. While being sick is no fun, generally we get well quickly, and the illness is not a major disruption. Recently, however, the public has become increasingly aware of the seriousness of some strains of the flu, and everyone is interested in minimizing the risks posed by influenza.
When you get the sniffles, do you know whether you have a cold or the flu? A cold is a mild infection of the upper respiratory passages caused by any one of a variety of viruses. A cold may last a week, and symptoms include a stuffy/runny nose, cough, and sore throat. A person with a cold will not usually have a headache, fever, or muscle aches, while a person with the flu will have severe aches and fatigue. Symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea do not usually accompany a cold, but may accompany the flu. A person with the flu will likely also have a high fever.
The flu can be quite serious and can cause death. More often, however, it is simply unpleasant and an inconvenience. The seasonal flu is a disease caused by influenza virus and is contracted by breathing droplets that have been sneezed or coughed into the air by someone with the flu, or by having the droplets land on the sur- face of your eye, or even by touching a contaminated surface and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.
There are a number of ways you can prevent the spread of the flu:
- Get an annual flu shot, and make sure your family members get them, too. There are very few risks associated with being vaccinated for influenza, and it greatly reduces your chances of catching the flu.
- Wash your hands frequently or use hand sanitizer. Twenty seconds of hand washing with warm water helps remove bacteria and viruses from your hands. Remember to wash before and after eating, after using the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and after touching surfaces that may have been contaminated by other people.
- Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze. If possible, bury your face in the corner of your elbow.
- Keep shared surfaces clean. Doorknobs, light switches, telephones, keyboards, tools, and any other surface can become contaminated with all kinds of bacteria and viruses. Regular cleaning and disinfecting of these surfaces can help.
If you get sick, stay home. Don’t risk spreading your illness to coworkers. You’ll also get better faster if you are well rested. Wait to return to work for the recommended amount of time, or until you no longer have a fever and your cough is improving. You may be familiar with the term “pandemic.” If an influenza virus changes and becomes a new strain that people are generally not immune to, and the new strain is easily spread, many people around the world could become quite ill. This is referred to as an influenza pandemic. Influenza pandemics have occurred about three times per century.
- What are some differences between colds and the flu?
- How do you catch the flu? More importantly, how can you not catch the flu?
Week Number 38 (September 17 – 23) 2017 Edition
In 1990, the State of Minnesota amended its Occupational Safety and Health Act to require employers in certain industries to develop written, comprehensive workplace safety and health programs. This legislation is known as A Workplace Accident and Injury Reduction (AWAIR) Act, and programs developed to comply with the act are known as AWAIR programs.
The AWAIR Act requires specific actions from employers, as described below:
Workplace Programs: A covered employer must establish a written workplace accident and injury reduction program that promotes safe and healthful working conditions and is based on clearly stated goals and objectives for meeting those goals. The program must describe:
- How managers, supervisors, and employees are responsible for implementing the program and how continued participation of management will be established, measured, and maintained.
- The methods used to identify, analyze, and control new or existing hazards, conditions, and operations.
- How the plan will be communicated to all affected employees so that they are informed of work-related hazards and controls
- How workplace accidents will be investigated, and corrective action implemented
- How safe work practices and rules will be enforced.
Employers must conduct and document a review of the workplace accident and injury reduction program at least annually and document how procedures set forth in the program are met.
There are some important reasons for creating a comprehensive safety and health program such as the AWAIR program. Organizations with effective safety and health programs have significantly lower injury and illness rates than those who do not. Employees can help their employers with these goals by openly discussing safety issues, bringing concerns to their employer’s attention, and by finding ways to do the job more safely for everyone involved.
1. What is AWAIR?
2. What are some things that the AWAIR act requires?
3. What are some reasons for the AWAIR program?